We all know that the Taj Mahal is a symbol of love. But we do not know the exact data about this Taj Mahal. We have come up with all the dark details on where it is determined and how it started.
We all know that the Taj Mahal is one of the most attractive monuments in the world. This is an incredibly unique sculpture of love, which is still one of the pages of the story. An excellent example of Islamic architecture is a symbol of peace, beauty, and equality.
The great discoverer of this Taj Mahal was Shah Jahan. He was a flourishing emperor of the Mughal period in 1631 AD. He was deeply saddened by the death of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her 14th daughter. And this is where the new story of the Taj Mahal begins. The Taj Mahal was built initially around Mumtaz’s death. The name of the child who died while giving birth to Mumtaz Mahal is Gauhar Begum. She died at the age of 19, giving birth to her last child. Shahjahan suffered so much that he decided to build a memorial to remember his wife. And that monument is the Taj Mahal. It took 22 years to build this Taj Mahal. Through hard work and time, the Taj Mahal was constructed wonderfully. Construction began in 1632. Its construction was completed in 1953.
Tomb of Mumtaz:
Behind Mumtaz’s death and before the Taj Mahal was erected, her body was hidden in a different place. He was initially engaged at Mohanpur Cemetery after his death. His heart was then shifted to Agra. His body was hidden in the Taj Mahal for 12 years. The last was transferred to the basement of the Taj Mahal for the final rest.
The Taj Mahal is based on a variety of traditional designs. However, some of the designs are similar to those of the Mughal edifice and Timur. Among them are the predecessors of the Mughal Empire in Samarkand, the Gur-i-Amir of Timur, the tomb of Humayun, the Delhi Jame Mosque built by Shah Jahan himself in Delhi, the tomb of Imad-ud-Daulah (sometimes called Shishu Taj). In its continuation, the Mughal edifice reached a new level of refinement. Because the buildings were made of sandstone in the time before Shah Jahan. But Shahjahan was the first to introduce the introduction of expensive white marble. He is the first to claim it.
There is a large garden in front of the Taj Mahal. Usually, the name of this garden is Charbagh. The name means that the Mughal gardens were divided into four parts. It is located at a place of 300 meters * 300 meters. In the middle of the shrine and the middle of the door and the middle of the garden, there is an elevated marble stone water tank. And to the north and south, there is a simple linear basin so that the reflection of the Taj_Mahal can be seen from a great distance. Also, the garden has more fountains and trees and many roads. This Charbagh garden was first done by the Mughal emperor Babur, which was designed in precisely the same way as the Persian garden. Almost all Mughal charges are quadrangular, with Mazars or camps in the middle of the gardens. The park is rich in plants, including roses, daffodils, and various fruit trees.
Infinite ability to change the color of the Taj Mahal
There is no end to the wonders of the Taj Mahal. New information comes out of there. However, the color of the Taj Mahal changes during the day based on the position of the sky. It contains one type of color at a time. For example, in the light of dawn, a light pink color appears. Again in the evening, it looks pale white. The Taj Mahal is a unique variation for these changes.
Black Taj Mahal:
After the prominent Taj Mahal, Emperor Shah Jahan wanted to build another Taj Mahal. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. Maybe he planned to build a Taj_Mahal for himself. It was designed to be built on the banks of the river Jamuna. The Black Taj Mahal is now just a story. His son deposed him after completing the construction of the Taj Mahal. But he could not go through any information about this black Taj Mahal. So the question that arises in today’s people is, why was this black Taj Mahal built?
Taj Mahal Shiva Temple:
Many thought that there was a Shiva temple in the Taj Mahal. However, this caused a lot of controversies. One group said a Shiva temple in the Taj Mahal, while another group said that there is only the Taj Mahal here. However, complete information is not yet known.
Staff hand cutting orders:
There is a lot of miraculous and imaginary information about Taj_Mahal. However, it is not yet known whether the order to cut off the hands of the workers is correct at all. As far as was heard, Emperor Shah Jahan ordered all the workers involved in the construction of the Taj Mahal to cut off their hands, so that no one could build a similar Taj Mahal or anything like that for the second time. Although many people believe this story, there is no conclusive evidence yet. But even if we consider the Taj Mahal correctly, it is not precisely that. It was not created perfectly. There is a small hole in the ceiling of the palace by which it cannot be called perfect. One of the artisans deliberately made one so that Shahjahan’s perfect dream could not come true. And he is thought to have done so after learning about the plan to cut off the hands of all the workers after the construction was completed. However, this information is taken hypothetically. Exactly no news has come up yet.
Information about the mysterious house of the Taj Mahal:
It is thought that there are many secret rooms in the Taj Mahal. However, it is not yet known how true this is. These rooms have been built since the time of Shah Jahan, which has not changed at present. Shahjahan sealed the face of the house with stones very hard. His intelligence was not found in any other Mughal king. However, people have raised various questions about this. Did Shahjahan seal this room, or did the Department of Government of India fill it after Shahjahan? The exact answer is not yet known.
Foundation of the Taj Mahal:
The Taj Mahal is usually made of white marble. In the main room of the Taj_Mahal is a memorial plaque of Mumtaz Shahjahan. Their burial place is one level below. And there is a long road next to it. There are four minarets on the opposite side. Each minaret is located at four corners.
The upper part of the tomb is made of marble stone. The most significant exciting feature of the dome is that it. Its size is equal to the foundation of another building. Usually, the height of the measure is about 35 meters. The reason for its peak is that it is mounted on a cylinder-shaped drum. Due to its shape, this dome is also referred to by many as the Onion Dome or Guava Dome. The top is decorated with lotus flowers, which is interesting in the minds of many. This lotus flower makes its height more visible. The dome has an old copper or cassar bar. The significance of the largest dome is that it has four smaller domes at its four corners, which looks exactly like the giant dome. However, the pillars have risen to the roof. The smaller domes have old cassava or copper bars. There are lotus flowers in all the crowns, big and small.
The pinnacle of the Taj Mahal
The largest dome has an old conical apex like a crown. The pinnacle was made of gold before the 1800s. But now it is made of bronze. At the very top of the peak, there is a moon, which is an Islamic element. The moon at the top and the hooked horns together form a traditional symbol.
The minaret of the Taj Mahal
The minarets of the Taj Mahal are very lovely to see. The height of the tower is more than 40 meters. The symmetry of the Taj Mahal can be seen for these minarets. Each minaret is divided into equal sizes with a porch.
The Taj Mahal was built on a plot of land in the southern part of the city of Agra. Maharaja Joy Singh owned this land. Shah Jahan took him instead of giving him a massive palace in the middle of Agra. Work on the Taj_Mahal began with the laying of the foundation stone of the society. Loose soil is removed by digging about 3 acres of land to reduce river runoff. The water in the river does not come there; it is made about 50 meters high from the river bank. The Taj_Mahal is about 55 meters long. The well was drilled in the tomb area where the water flowed. Which at that time was again filled with stones. A path of fifteen kilometers was made to build the Taj_Mahal. The goods of the Taj_Mahal were brought and taken through this route.
The construction of the Taj Mahal was as follows:
Mosque and Jawab
It took about 12 years to build the complete foundation and tomb of this Taj Mahal. It took another ten years to complete the rest.
Such a large Taj Mahal is never designed by one person. Many delegates were needed to design the Taj_Mahal. Many efforts were made to build such a diverse pillar like the Taj_Mahal. Below are the names of those who participated in the construction of the Taj Mahal from various sources.
He was in a special role in designing the courtyard. In other words, his name has come up in a special role of design.
He was a Persian writer. His role as caretaker architect was immense.
He designed the biggest dome. He was the first designer. At that time he was considered to be the builder of hundreds of domes.
His main achievement was to build the golden dome on the top of the big dome.
He was one of the best stone carvers in the subcontinent. The beauty of the Taj_Mahal is revealed as a result of his extraordinary work. He was appointed chief sculptor and entertainer.
He was an extraordinary calligrapher. Whose job was to write on the stone at the entrance of the Taj-Mahal.
Mohammad Hanif was the caretaker of the masons. All the masonry work was done to control it.
Goods and materials:
Equipment for the construction of the Taj Mahal was brought from different countries and different states of India. More than a thousand elephants were used to carry out this construction work. These elephants were used to carry construction materials. Light flowing white marble stones were brought from Rajasthan. Red, yellow, or brown quality stones were obtained from the Punjab province of India. The green-blue (turquoise) colored gems were brought from the Tibetan province of Nepal. Sapphires were brought from Afghanistan. Sapphire Bright blue gems were brought from Sri Lanka. Precious stones of reddish, brown, or white color were brought from Arab countries. All these precious stones were set on white marble stones.
It is impossible to estimate in terms of cost. It is a very difficult task to estimate the construction cost at that time. It is estimated to have cost an estimated Rs 32 million. However, it can be said to be invaluable if the cost of labor and the time taken for construction work are compared with the present era.
History has it that Shah Jahan’s son Aurangzeb overthrew him before the construction of the Taj_Mahal was completed. He was then placed under house arrest at Agra Fort. Many say that for the rest of his life, Shah Jahan spent his days staring at the Taj Mahal from the Agra Fort window. Finally, after the death of Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb buried him beside his wife in the Taj_Mahal. Due to this work, the design nature of the Taj_Mahal is ruined. During the Sepoy Revolution of 1857, the Taj Mahal was badly damaged by the British. And government officials have not removed precious stones from the walls of the Taj_Mahal. In the late nineteenth century, part of the Taj_Mahal was severely damaged due to a lack of repairs. But in the late nineteenth century, Lord Curzon undertook a significant project to rebuild the Taj_Mahal. This project was completed in 1908. He built a large candidate platform inside the Taj_Mahal. The severe current threat to the Taj_Mahal is the environmental pollution of the Jamuna River. As the days go by, the water of the Jamuna river is getting polluted. Due to which the balance of the environment is being lost.
The Taj Mahal is a popular tourist destination. From the beginning till now, it looks very nice. Millions of people gather to see it with their own eyes. At present, 2 to 3 million tourists come to the Taj_Mahal, out of which 2 lakh tourists are foreigners. Most tourists come during the cold season i.e., October, November, and February. However, the movement of air-polluting vehicles around the Taj_Mahal has been banned. So tourists have to leave their cars in certain places and come to the Taj Mahal by electric vehicle. At present, the cost of visiting the Taj_Mahal is fixed at Rs 40 for Indians. Which can only use Indian judgment? But for those who come from countries other than India, the entrance fee is 1000 rupees. Only tourists from SAARC countries pay Rs 530 for their entry. Arrangements have now been made to pay the entrance fee online.
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